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classification of fungi pdf

This classification is based on morphology, espe­cially of reproductive structure. The ancients, wary of mushrooms that appeared like magic after a heavy rain, called them 'a callosity of the earth', 'earthly excrescences', and 'the evil ferment of the earth'.In spite of leaving a … For a long time, classification and identification of these species were studied through morphologic criteria (19, 22). In this section we will show the current classification of fungi, but will deal with a little terminology first. The taxonomy of fungi belonging to the Section Nigri comprises one of the most confusing and complex due to the subtle differences between the species. 5. In this manner, some Fungi – General characteristics • Mycology – myco, myce • Eukaryotic, aerobic • Heterotrophic – Complex nutritional requirements • Nutritional sources –Saprophytic • Decomposers – Opportunistic parasites •Host is usually compromised. Give general characters of Ascomycetes. Classification of the Fungi Kingdom Fungal Phyla Examples Everyone has met the fungi, for better or worse (Fig. Both fungi and plants are immobile, have cell walls, and grow in soil. The first part is the genus (plural: genera) and the second is the specific epithet. Many fungi are valuable decomposers that break down wastes and for the precise definitions of the mycological terminology used, the reader is referred to ainsworth and bisby’s Dictionary of the fungi (Kirk et al. The basic rank of biological classification is the species (although there is no universally approved definition of a species) and species are then arranged (moving Give a recognized scheme of classification of fungi, and mention the chief character-istics of each class. Moss (Plant) and Lichen Growing on Tree Bark. Some fungi, such as lichens, even look like plants (see Figure below). 20.1). regarding any of the mycoses or pathogenic fungi mentioned, the reader is referred to the citations provided. Discuss the salient features of some important groups of fungi. Give outline of any system of classification … 2008). 5 Naming and Classification of Fungi Taxonomy: A subject which deals with classification and naming of organisms is called taxonomy. 4. THE Fungus FILES 5 Introduction Throughout history, fungi have been regarded with great suspicion. Many fungi reduce human hunger by aiding the growth of plants. 3. The species name is called a binomial, which consists of two parts. He includes fungi along with slime molds under the kingdom Mycota. Classification of Fungi by Ainsworth G. C. (1966, 71, 73): Ainsworth G. C. (1966, 71, 73) proposed a more natural system of classification of fungi. Others attack crop plants, farm animals, and humans with costly results. Describe Ainsworth’ s classification of fungi. Classification of Fungi. •Classification of fungi •morphology and structure •Pathogenicity •Diagnosis •Useful Properties of Fungi Diverse group of chemo heterotrophs Over 100,000 fungal species identified Only about 100 are human or animal pathogens Saprophytes – Digest dead organic matter For a long time, scientists considered fungi to be members of the plant kingdom because they have obvious similarities with plants. Fungal cells • Cell wall composition 7. 6. In 1969 R.H Whittaker classified all living organisms into five kingdoms namely Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia. Classification of fungi: Fungi were initially classified with plants and were a subject of interest for botanists; hence the influence of botany can be seen on their classification. We all know about mushrooms and moldy food, but fungi are much more important than that. Plants ( see Figure below ) wall composition classification of fungi is the specific.. 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