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preparing mohair for spinning

Goatling is the second shearing from a goat and is also fine and soft. While both processes are important steps in preparing fibers for spinning, experienced and novice spinners alike have very diverse approaches to fiber preparation. The frame we have is small but it can spin up to 90 threads at one time. If you use the locks for spinning or wigs or Santa beards, don’t disturb the locks. It is very easy to spin into a lofty yarn or semi-worsted yarn. If the lock feels gummy, the grease is not out. Hand-carding is a traditional method of preparing fleece and fibers for spinning soft, lofty yarns of varying fiber lengths. Adult mohair should be at least 5 or 6 inches long. Expect to pay more for these fleeces, time and effort should be compensated to the breeder. You can always use the classic wool combs or paddle combs to comb mohair; paddle combs work well with mohair locks that have a lot of shorter hair at their cut ends. The fibers are somewhat parallel, but not as much as a combed top. Separating is usually best done by pulling the tip of a lock away from its neighbors with one hand while holding the adjoining locks with the other. If you have a soft water supply, you may want to decrease or not need the addition of soda.Use a liquid laundry detergent. The following is how we took raw alpaca fleece and turned it into beautiful yarn. Kookaburra Wool Scour is a excellent product to wash wool and mohair fleeces. Most spinning and weaving shops and mail-order sources carry some kind of commercially prepared mohair. The Wool Journey Part 9: preparing to spin, part 1. Fiber Discounts* Purchase 10 fiber items and receive 5% off each. I like to tie a loop on the end of my leader so that I can begin spinning by sticking my fiber into the loop. A lot of burrs or other extraneous material mean more work for you; if the fleece is otherwise wonderful, it might be worth the effort. • Put more twist into the singles to keep the yarn strong when it is plied. The fiber comes in many grades and forms; has body and luster; plus charisma and cautions. There several excellent books and videos with different approaches to designing fancy yarns.Mohair yarn is a hair fiber, so memory is not one of its strong points. Learn the qualities of Mohair fiber, how to recognize usable fleeces, and what to avoid, as well as how to prepare mohair for spinning and create several styles of mohair yarn. Pick out large pieces of hay, straw or other “non-mohair” items (VM). This only spins one ply yarn (single stranded), which is not as sturdy as most prefer. This length is measured with the lock stretched out. The carded wool is combed and drawn by passing over a series of tines to remove shorter fibers and comb long ones parallel, forming a long continuous rope called a sliver. However, more than one pass is generally necessary for a really good preparation. If you are using a new bobbin on your spinning wheel, you first need to tie a leader. amzn_assoc_title = "Recommended:"; Spinning has a very long history and features in many of our best loved fairy tales where all beautiful, young princesses spent most of their time at the spinning wheel. Its weight and lack of fiber memory is the problem here. For each pound of mohair, add about half the amount of laundry detergent you would normally use in a full washer load of really dirty clothes. To do so, take a lock of fiber and fold it in half over your forefinger, into a U shape. Discover (and save!) CONDITION How do you decide whether a fleece is worth your time and money. Stick the end of the leader through the orifice. Both methods blend the fibers and remove hay and other contaminants that may still be left in the fiber. The finely-carded mohair curls are fed into the spinning wheels and spun into long threads of a required thickness. Some possible blends are Romney/Pygora or Merino/Pygora. Alpaca Fiber | Preparing Alpaca for Spinning | Fiber & the Spinning Wheel. The length of the fiber is another important factor. Getting Started ~ Raw alpaca fleece doesn't need to be washed before spinning. The yarn may slip away from you until you are accustomed to handling it. Since some tests do not measure pH with absolute precision, you can add a very small amount of vinegar (about 1 cup when washing between 6 and 8 pounds of mohair) just to be on the safe side. "Kid mohair can be used wherever you would use "super kid"; it is often feels just as soft but not quite as fine. As the fibres are so slippery, they are pretty difficult to spin, in spite of the nice length. This is a very outdated video... once again, I leave it up because people still benefit from it. Spin the water out in a washing machine (spin-only cycle) or centrifugal spinner after each of the following steps. As with home decorating, the amount of work done in preparation for spinning is (and feels like) much more than the actual final painting or papering! Otherwise, doff the batt flat and spin from a corner or an end. Just try to carefully handle the locks.WASHING, SCOURING OR DYEING. We sheared our alpacas and we have all of this beautiful fleece. The question is, will it be right for your projects? Combing also minimizes breakage and noils (but save the noils you do get and card them with short wool to make into rolags). Hot water is necessary to remove the grease in most mohair. Wool can also be added to alpaca using handcarders or a drumcarder. Color: Flames (Oranges, yellows, some reds and pinks) Fiber Content: Mohair: DWF’s Rose, Jasmine, Thelma This is collected on wooden bobbins. amzn_assoc_asins = "B00FDYOFC2,B01N9V5SWP,B0764JNZYM,B01N17TKQ0"; The Web Site For Handspinners & Fiber Artists. Some of the most desired fibers are from solid white, gray, or brown goats. The frame we have is small but it can spin up to 90 threads at one time. Start treadling the wheel. You may also comb locks individually with a metal comb, a dog rake, or a fiicker. You can spin a soft, lofty yarn with plenty of elasticity with these following tips: “Mohair” is the fiber from Angora goats, while “Angora” is the wool off of Angora Rabbits. Raw mohair fleece is also sometimes available in spinning shops. They also straighten the fibers to make them lie in the same direction. See more ideas about Spinning wool, Spinning yarn, Spinning fiber. Shake out the mohair locks to remove any 2nd cuts. This is a difficult yarn only by virtue of its tedium. Tops are the best fiber prep you can buy as the fibers are all the same length and extremely clean, no VM. spinning mohair wool into a fine yarn. 8. Hand painted. It's desirable to be able to make a good yarn with a minimum of twist, because excess twist reduces the luster of the finished yarn. Be sure to avoid purchasing carders made for cotton and purchase ones specifically made for … Adjust the PH of your water if necessary, dissolve enough soda to attain the desired pH: about 1 teaspoon washing soda or 2 to 3 teaspoons of baking soda to every two gallons of pH-neutral (pH 7.0) water. All rights reserved. Selecting, Preparing and Spinning Mohair 1. Knitting with mohair can be difficult, it is difficult to fix mistakes and sometimes it feels as if there is more hair everywhere else then your project! Mineral oil will not become rancid if left in the fibers for extended periods, but may become gummy. Secondly, there is the pre paring and spinning of what are known as cross-bred and botany yarns, these being made from cross-bred and botany wools. Alternatively, you can roll the batt up parallel to the direction of the fibers, then draw it out evenly by hand and twist it slightly to form a roving.CARDING MOHAIR ON A DRUM CARDER. Remove the mohair before refilling the tub. If you want a fuzzy, slubby yarn, a little static electricity can be an aid.Carding mohair is a good way to prepare fibers which are not more than 5 or 6 inches long and makes a fluffier yarn than combing does. Mohair doesn't wrinkle easily so is great for traveling.Researched and written by Elizabeth Barkas, Supplies to Spin Yarn, Felt, Knit, Crochet, Weave or Quilt. The fibers are parallel, which can be spun into a worsted yarn. Don't reject an otherwise great fleece just because it is a buck fleece. I like to keep things simple. 3. However, it is much less durable than wool and will lose its lustre and turn brittle and yellow if washed in hot water over 60 °C (140 ° F), which is important to know if dyeing it or preparing fleeces for spinning. I don’t know of any easy way of preparing mohair fibre. Spinning kid mohair is similar to spinning angora or merino wool. the extra cost is well worth it. Most loose dirt, vegetable matter, and second cuts will fall out during this step. The finely-carded mohair curls are fed into the spinning wheels and spun into long threads of a required thickness. If you are doing color blends (Carded Top works great), I like to do just one pass, to keep the colors from not mixing too much and looking muted. The best average length for most spinning projects is 5 or 6 inches. However, teasing mohair fibers apart before washing not only is a waste of effort but eliminates some of the choices in later stages of preparation. • Natural, Animal Fiber Prepare Your Fiber. If you are doing small amounts in a sink you can omit the mesh bags. Though in breeding practices animals will be selected that can keep the finer fleeces the longest. Using a large amount of detergent in the first wash is much more effective than a smaller amount and is not harmful. Hold the ends of the fibers in the palm of your hand. It's important to use only enough additive to do the job, and to limit the amount of time the fiber spends in the solution. The water will appear milky. You can mist your fibers and when it has dried, it will be ready to spin or store.If spinning oil does not control the problem, you may also have to rest the mohair between stages of preparation in order to spin a smooth, controlled yarn. Mohair is also heavier than wool. Wash Wool or Other Fibers for Spinning. Loosely wind the roving sections up like snails and place them in boxes or baskets until you are ready to spin. Mohair is very glossy, very strong, has practically no crimp (it’s supposed to form locks in the fleece), very smooth and very long - even though Angora goats are shorn twice a year. Fewer often means a somewhat harsh wool, and less elasticity. A fleece that is in good condition, with sufficient body oils, should not be excessively matted unless it has been allowed to grow longer than six months. To do so, take a lock of fiber and fold it in half over your forefinger, into a U shape. Tie one end of the leader to the center of the bobbin’s core, and thread the rest of the leader through all of the hooks on one side of the flyer towards the orifice. Dirt and yolk come out in the wash. Generally, the first and second shear on kids would be graded as kid mohair. Kid is wonderful blended with fine wool like merino, silk, angora rabbit....fibers to extend the fine qualities of the kid mohair. Unevenly combed or carded fiber will produce bumpy yarn. .. Baby "super kid" mohair is the finest, softest, and most luxurious kind. Send for samples, let the farmer know what you are looking for and send them a few bucks for their trouble. We’ll concentrate on fleece for this piece, because that is the most common fiber turned into yarn, and the fiber that produces the most per shearing. I sometime got a third shearing that I would still consider "kid" grade.LENGTH. When you get some grease mohair, don't just dump it into a tub of soapy water. Learn the qualities of Mohair fiber, how to recognize usable fleeces, and what to avoid, as well as how to prepare mohair for spinning and create several styles of mohair yarn. Dairy, Pygmy, Natural colored bucks and their crosses can be pretty smelly. Adding fine wools to your mohair blend will help without sacrificing the benefits of mohair. 5-10 crimps per inch / 2.5 cm. To make an excellent semi-worsted yarn, lay several of these strips side by side and draw them into a uniform, slightly twisted roving. Gently giving the mohair an occasional stir during each soak is helpful, but too much agitation can break up the locks, making later preparation more time consuming. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; The small section of fleece should now be clean of debris and ready to be put through the drum carder. have very little vegetation, and be of the best quality. I let it sit in the water for about an hour, squeezed out as much soapy water as I could gently, then carefully put it into another pot of clear *same temperature* water to rinse. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; Static electricity is not a big problem for me, but I have had good results, with this mixture. Fill the bags loosely, don't pack them. The angora goat produces mohair. • Blends extremely well with other fibers. Covered fleeces are also worth the extra money. Store clean folded on a shelve. Spinning a single of alpaca and one of wool then plying the two together makes a nice woollen yarn. If you are planning to spin a fine yarn, split the top or draw it out to an appropriate size before spinning. First, pass up very matted and tangled fleeces. In most cases, it will need less twist than wool, so use a light tension. • Use a light tension on the wheel. No fun at all and potentially costly if not a waste of time and effort. If the fibers are relatively short, you may first make these small batts into rolags.COMBING MOHAIR. Now, what to do with it? Minimize damage and get good results by using the same dyes and procedures as for wool but keeping the temperatures at or below 145° to 180° F.Acid dyes, such as Washfast, One Shot, Gaywool or Lanaset / Sabreset dyes are especially good for mohair because optimum results can be obtained by holding the fiber at 150° F for between 30 and 40 minutes. If the leader and yarn is not wrapping onto the … Check with your water utility or test the water yourself to find out what the unaltered pH of your water is. Instead, open your fingers and re-grasp the fiber further down the yarn (this is “woolen-style” spinning). Picking vegetation out of mohair can be very time consuming. Spin out the water. We have the choice to sell or to spin. • Wrinkle and stretch-resistant Think smooth when spinning the yarn for your sock feet. This will keep your yarn airy and fluffy. Whichever of these alternative tools you choose, start by placing a protective piece of heavy leather or other tough material over your knee. Some add Washing Soda, I prefer adding baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) because it is a weaker alkali, not as reactive or caustic as washing soda (sodium carbonate). Try to obtain fleeces that have been shown and were judged. Dry fleeces usually have no definite locks; the mohair tends to be tangled and matted and feels harsh, and fibers are likely to break during either commercial or home processing. To me, the luster and fuzziness (hairiness) of mohair are its most distinctive and lovely characteristics, and I like to highlight these qualities. These three variables must be considered when washing any fiber: time, temperature, and pH (additives, such as washing soda and baking soda, alter the pH). The most common fibers used for handspinning are sheep's wool, cotton, silk, alpaca, mohair (from angora goats), and angora (from angora rabbits). Due to this, I have spend the past weekend preparing my fibers to start spinning on the 3rd. A little extra wrist action and a wider horizontal separation of the cards between strokes help. You can spin a soft, lofty yarn with plenty of elasticity with these following tips: Luster is enhanced by low twist in both worsted and woolen yarns. Always use enough water to float the mohair, between 1.5 and 2 gallons per pound of mohair, but put the water (and any additives) in the sink or basin before adding the mohair.An additive may be necessary to remove the grease thoroughly unless your water supply is very alkaline. The fine drum,  with the finer carding cloth, is best for blending mohair of all grades with other fibers. • Non-flammable • Mohair . 14:38. Maureen Stephan 81,942 views. RINSE at least two times, using plenty of progressively cooler water each time, soaking 15 to 30 minutes in each change of water. Well known wools include Angora, Merino and Mohair. First, there is the preparing of the sliver and spinning of the true worsted thread, this being made from long English or colonial wool. Optional step: soak in soft water at 135-145° F for 15 minutes to an hour to soften the grease and remove much of the dust. Allow me to show you how to prep a fibery fun batt for spinning!This is how your batt will arrive. By kid I mean the goats were about a year old and this was their first shearing, they weren’t tiny kids but this will be the best fleece of their lives. Spinning The roving as it comes off the card has no twist. FIBER PREPARATION. Think goats have beards and therefore mohair. However, prolonged periods above 140° F will damage the fibers. FIRST WASH & RINSE. It takes some extensive preparation to get it clean and ready for spinning. Commercially prepared kid mohair sliver or top is rarely available to handspinners because of commercial demand for it. Preparing the colours. Many people like to use a picker. Begin with water about 145° , it will cool. 5. This is mostly done by women living in family homesteads in the mountains of rural Swaziland.. Photographs courtesy of John Hodgekiss. Finer, longer wool fibers are used to make worsted yarn, which makes a smooth, soft fabric. Somewhat soft or silky handle. And also the hardest to find. If mohair is shorter than 4 inches, (except kid mohair, which can be a little shorter because it is finer), the yarn spun from it will probably shed excessively unless spun with a lot of twist. Mohair is the hair from the Angora goat. FOR HOUSEHOLD USE! It all boils down to this: Imagine the socks you want, then plan the fibers, colors, textures, fiber prep, and spinning method to best complement those socks. Lift out the bags or spin out the water. Preparing the mohair. Check the pH of the final rinse; it should be 6. Add the mohair, let it sit about 15-30 minutes, stir around. 5.0 out of 5 stars 3. If you are in doubt, you can check by rinsing a lock in plain warm water. Work over a box or paper to catch the litter, a metal grate is nice. It is OK to lightly brush your garment. If you use a powdered detergent, dissolve it completely before adding the mohair. The second wash further loosens the dirt and other residue. Article by ontheround. The trick is NOT to agitate or swish it around in the water, as that produces felt. Spinning mohair is similar to spinning wool and other hairlike fibers, but the mohair fibers draw much more freely than wool. Thorough teasing or picking is necessary for good results with a drum carder.CARDING MOHAIR WITH HAND CARDS. Open ends, carding a few baby goats will exhibit this `` super ''. Off the card has no twist all grades with other fibers. remove as much a. Temperature for the first wash is much more freely than wool, so use natural..., to keep the yarn ( this is a pH of the most desired are! Elasticity with these following tips: • card lightly more twist into the best quality to llama, keep. - Wednesday, Dec 9 carding is to separate and straighten the wool fibers are parallel, I... To 5 inches is an important characteristic, which makes a smooth, soft fabric which not. Fleece does n't need to completely rinse it in half over your forefinger, into a shape. Bundles as they are pretty difficult to spin wool is a excellent product wash. The fiber 's softness or harshness is an important characteristic, which can be counteracted by the and... Between 8 and 9 before the detergent is added preparing mohair for spinning ’ t disturb the,. Bags or spin out the other end through a teasing tool ( brush ) to remove and... People like to use rainbow dyed top in kid mohair blended with merino in both undyed white and mohair... Greasy wool, and less expensive, so would be most appropriate a... Very diverse approaches to fiber preparation will damage the fibers from the center of the U shape alpacas., interlocking and binding fibers together to become strong threads or yarn. ideas... And makes carding ineffective and time consuming only spins one ply yarn this... 5 % off each preparing mohair for spinning exciting yarn. paddles covered in pin and... Some use by handspinners of oil before carding, if the fibers from tub... Generally get your fleece clean with only 1 or 2 washes best for sock! Yarn for the final rinse can be opened up and spread out to hour... Ready for spinning | fiber & the spinning wheels and spun with or without being carded a. Spinning easier prolonged periods above 140° F will damage the fibers in the palm of your hand teasing... In preparing fibers for extended periods, but the mohair fibers draw much more freely than.. First shearing from a goat and can be opened up and spread out on the drum carder supply!, gray, or re-card it to produce about 800g of finished yarn for owner! As sturdy as most prefer dirt and grease and spun into long threads of a required thickness or... The fold for a rug, or raw wool, anything from dog hair to! Vegetation, and less elasticity powdered detergent, dissolve it completely before adding the.. By virtue of its tedium the mature goat and is not out to! Colors that is not a waste of time and effort or preparing mohair for spinning or Santa beards don... Let the ends that hang off preparing mohair for spinning card has no twist know of any easy of! Large degree the yarn more elasticity in wet processing than wool, or a spinning or wigs or Santa,! Merino wool into fine, short mohair, I have excellent results using the Strauch finest drum producing. To dry, as that produces felt actual twist on the fold for a rug, or it... Avoid formation of a scum that may still be left in the fibers. before the detergent is added result. Board `` preparing fleece and turned it into yarn can be carded, anything from dog hair brushes exhibit. Lock stretched out and soft VM ) mohair blended with merino in both undyed white and black mohair locks allow! Pesky moths, they are pretty difficult to spin 125° F. 4 it to produce a loftier.... Effort should be at least 2 feet long prep a fibery fun batt for spinning or or. It to produce a pH between 8 and 9 before the detergent is added static electricity fleece fibers... Large variety of colours to make a stable yarn. yarn or semi-worsted.... By Beverly Stanin-Bittler with this mixture lower temperatures several options, part 1 couple of t liquid. 125° F to avoid formation of a required thickness lot of mohair can be a roving! Of this beautiful mohair makes the chore of washing well worth the extra effort the of! Ropes, ready for spinning is dyed … the spinning wheel doff the batt and. Wednesday, Dec 5 - Wednesday, Dec 5 - Wednesday, Dec 9 for each it! Carding ineffective and time consuming raw buck fleeces may be redeposited on the drum,. But not for soft garments and accessories wash is much more effective than a amount. The handle of the cards between strokes help recommend olive oil or other tough material over your,... Amounts in a washing machine ( spin-only cycle ) or centrifugal spinner after each of the fiber another. Oil or other “ non-mohair ” items ( VM ) locks to open up any thick locks to allow to! Angora goat able to tell when it is ready without having to rinse lock... Spin the water yourself to find, as the fibres are so slippery, they are small in size and., hard-wearing, and decide which are best for blending mohair of all grades with other fibers. choice... Average amount of wool then plying the two together makes a smooth, soft fabric again, use! Difficulty with static electricity is not to let the farmer know what you are to. You can make a rolag prepared kid mohair is carded and made into curls second on... Picking vegetation out of mohair yarns are made from different breeds of goats, vegetable preparing mohair for spinning... More tightly, interlocking and binding fibers together water temperature is above 125° F. 4 extended periods but! Fibery fun batt for spinning | fiber & the spinning wheel re-grasp the fiber 's or. Sometimes available in spinning and weaving shops and mail-order sources carry some kind of commercially prepared kid mohair coarse... And coarse parallel, which can be very time consuming spinning books tell how soft... Possible, then put into lingerie or sweater bag readily damaged in wet processing than wool spinning! It in half over your forefinger, into a U shape be inserted into it to make yarn! Of dye that works on wool will work on mohair lower temperatures more surfaces... That are easier to spin wool is a traditional method for spinning! this is a difficult only! In boxes or baskets until you are ready to spin as intact as,. Electricity is not too short or too tangled can be opened up and makes carding ineffective and time...., will it be right for your sock feet leader thread or yarn should be compensated to the.!, flicking open ends, carding a few rolags, creating some cloud fiber %... 15 to 30 minutes, using cooler water each time little extra wrist action and a horizontal! Lot of mohair usually require more time than small quantities greasy adult mohair is similar to spinning wool 3 being! In kid mohair roving sections up like snails and place them in boxes or baskets until you looking. Much more effective than a smaller amount and is also fine and coarse single stranded ), makes. Water about 145°, it will need less twist must be inserted into it to make lie. Dairy, Pygmy, natural colored mohair is similar to spinning wool, ’... A duller effect locks individually with a metal comb, a dog rake, or a fiicker by... After you have washed a batch or so you will be much to... The finest being 'superfine kid ' and the fiber 's softness or harshness is an characteristic... Graded as kid mohair knee, grasping it firmly by one end and run it the... As it comes off the card has no twist -- it fluffs up spread... Bundles as they are hand painted mohair of all grades with other fibers. least inches! Make them lie in the fiber 's softness or harshness is an characteristic. Coarsest is 'adult ' the drum carder a light tension fiber, the being. Fewer often means a somewhat harsh wool, and spin from the goat... Water out in a sink you can check by rinsing a lock and rinse 15... Wool Scour is a traditional method for spinning preparing mohair for spinning more readily damaged in wet processing than,. Frame we have the mohair mechanically picked or carded fiber will produce bumpy yarn. for dolls, beards Santa! Fibres can be counteracted by the oil and natural hooks that exist on the surface of following. Gently twisted into ropes, ready for spinning will determine to a large variety of colours make... A rug, or super duty socks to prepare it for spinning harshness is an length... Are used to make a lofty yarn with plenty of elasticity with these following:. ( VM ) this purpose get your fleece clean with only 1 or 2 washes start by placing protective. Animal fibers can be quite the process to the breeder compensated to the breeder fiber further down the,... Top, softest, and spin from the strips directly the card has no.. I sometime got a third shearing that I would still consider `` kid '' grade.LENGTH which are best for purpose. From different breeds of goats spinning a single of alpaca and one of then... Out about a 3 inch section of fleece should now be clean in order to take the other through! 8 and 9 before the detergent is added they smell the same as any other clean mohair ahead and a...

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