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chili or chile country

and Greater Valparaíso with 824,000. The main attractions for tourists are places of natural beauty situated in the extreme zones of the country: San Pedro de Atacama, in the north, is very popular with foreign tourists who arrive to admire the Incaic architecture, the altiplano lakes, and the Valley of the Moon. Now, with nearly half the road paved and a ferry connection to Puerto Natales, it's more accessible than ever. Chile is located along a highly seismic and volcanic zone, part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, due to the subduction of the Nazca and Antarctic plates in the South American plate. During the last glaciation, this area was covered by ice that strongly eroded Chilean relief structures. Sweater: A garment worn by child when its mother is feeling chilly. The intensity of the "heat" of chilli peppers is commonly reported in Scoville heat units (SHU). Tennis is Chile's most successful sport. [162] The Chilean economy finished 2004 with growth of 6 percent. [108][109] In 1994, a biological study determined that the Chilean composition was 64% European and 35% Amerindian. Chile Overview - Overview - Customs and Culture - Diet and Recipes - Language - Religion - Students Life - Interesting Facts People Government - Politics Geography Economy News - Weather History Photos - Video Travel En Español Sources United States Edition It is funded by the public. [159], Copper mining makes up 20% of Chilean GDP and 60% of exports. "Chile" (always written with a capital letter) is a country in South America. [98], Just over 3,000 species of fungi are recorded in Chile,[99][100] but this number is far from complete. [110] The recent study in the Candela Project establishes that the genetic composition of Chile is 52% of European origin, with 44% of the genome coming from Native Americans (Amerindians), and 4% coming from Africa, making Chile a primarily mestizo country with traces of African descent present in half of the population. [123] However, it is undeniable that immigrants have played a significant role in Chilean society. Many private schools charge attendance fees of 0,5 to 1 median household incomes. Chilean mythology is the mythology and beliefs of the Folklore of Chile. [78][79] In total the country has 16 regions,[80][81] 56 provinces and 348 communes.[82]. Chile. Allende was not elected with an absolute majority, receiving fewer than 35 percent of votes. Chile hosted one of the largest standing armies in the Americas, making it one of the most militarized of the Spanish possessions, as well as a drain on the treasury of the Viceroyalty of Peru.[19]. [154][155][156], Chile has the highest degree of economic freedom in South America (ranking 7th worldwide), owing to its independent and efficient judicial system and prudent public finance management. [27], Admiral Julio Leiva Molina directs around 25,000-person Chilean Navy,[87] including 2,500 Marines. The main tourist sites in the south are national parks (the most popular is Conguillío National Park in the Araucanía)[citation needed] and the coastal area around Tirúa and Cañete with the Isla Mocha and the Nahuelbuta National Park, Chiloé Archipelago and Patagonia, which includes Laguna San Rafael National Park, with its many glaciers, and the Torres del Paine National Park. [27] The Chilean central government is a net creditor with a net asset position of 7% of GDP at end 2012. Chile actively participated in Operation Condor. Chile's 2017 census reported a population of 17,574,003. The coastal plains are wide and allow the establishment of cities and ports along the Pacific. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. [27], The conquest of Chile began in earnest in 1540 and was carried out by Pedro de Valdivia, one of Francisco Pizarro's lieutenants, who founded the city of Santiago on 12 February 1541. "Flora Fungosa Chilena". [119], Chile is one of 22 countries to have signed and ratified the only binding international law concerning indigenous peoples, the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989. Those ships are based in Valparaíso. The United States and Chile have had a long, dynamic relationship. Chile has a strategic location relative to sea lanes between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans including the Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, and the Drake Passage. [175], Agriculture in Chile encompasses a wide range of different activities due to its particular geography, climate and geology and human factors. The Boundary treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina confirmed Chilean sovereignty over the Strait of Magellan. [75] This conflict was caused by the mineral resources Chile had, Peruvians believed they belonged to them as well. Chile has appeared in nine FIFA World Cups which includes hosting the 1962 FIFA World Cup where the national football team finished third. Nonetheless, economic analysts disagreed with government estimates and predicted economic growth at a median of 1.5 percent. It was created in the 1980s under the Pinochet regime, in an attempt to link the country's most isolated residents to the rest of Chile. As aresult of those reforms, the country gained one rank in the last World Bank Doing Business Survey, ranking 56 out of 190 countries. At the 2004 Summer Olympics the country captured gold and bronze in men's singles and gold in men's doubles. Peruvians claim the Northern part of Chile, which is now South West of Peru. Grassland is found in Atlantic Chile (in Patagonia). The major lakes in this area are the artificial lake Rapel, the Colbun Maule lagoon and the lagoon of La Laja. The Central area is the most populated region of the country. The Andes Mountains are located on the eastern border. Ir a Sur, Lagos y Volcanes. Polo is professionally practiced within Chile, with the country achieving top prize in the 2008 and 2015 World Polo Championship. New Delhi: Afro-Asian-American Chamber of Commerce Occupational Research and Development, 2016. While a Spanish colony and as a new nation, Chile’s distance from the East Coast of the United States impeded extensive interaction because ships had to sail around Cape Horn, the southern tip of South America, to reach Chile’s primary seaport, Valparaíso. As a result,[39] the Richard Nixon administration organized and inserted secret operatives in Chile, in order to swiftly destabilize Allende's government. The 2011 Latinobarómetro survey asked respondents in Chile what race they considered themselves to belong to. Air assets are distributed among five air brigades headquartered in Iquique, Antofagasta, Santiago, Puerto Montt, and Punta Arenas. Chile, which claims a part of the Antarctic continent, is the longest country on earth. The stadium was renamed for Jara in 2003. Many Hispanic Americans use "chile.". [176], Tourism in Chile has experienced sustained growth over the last few decades. It is characterized by the presence of the Atacama desert, the most arid in the world. Basketball is a popular sport in which Chile has earned a bronze medal in the first men's FIBA World Championship held in 1950 and winning a second bronze medal when Chile hosted the 1959 FIBA World Championship. [27] Year-on-year growth in imports was especially strong from a number of countries: Ecuador (123.9%), Thailand (72.1%), South Korea (52.6%), and China (36.9%). [41], The economic problems were also exacerbated by Allende's public spending which was financed mostly by printing money and poor credit ratings given by commercial banks. Most answered "White" (59%), while 25% said "Mestizo" and 8% self-classified as "indigenous". [73] Chile hosted the Defense Ministerial of the Americas in 2002 and the APEC summit and related meetings in 2004. [120] It was adopted in 1989 as the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention 169. There have been many arguments between Chileans and Peruvians since the 1800s because they both claim boundary coastal lines. Whales are abundant, and some six species of seals are found in the area.[96]. The Andes, as he had done previously Cordillera de la Costa, begins to break in the ocean causing a myriad of islands and islets and disappear into it, sinking and reappearing in the Southern Antilles arc and then the Antarctic Peninsula, where it is called Antartandes, in the Chilean Antarctic Territory, lying between the meridians 53°W and 90°W. Chile and Bolivia severed diplomatic ties in 1978 over Bolivia's desire to regain sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean after losing it to Chile in the 1879–83 War of the Pacific. Bill Kte'pi, "Chile", in Robert E. Emery. By the 1920s, the emerging middle and working classes were powerful enough to elect a reformist president, Arturo Alessandri, whose program was frustrated by a conservative congress. Real GDP growth reached 5.7 percent in 2005 before falling back to 4 percent in 2006. Chile's mines are very dangerous; the country has a lot of earthquakes. [33][34], An economic depression that began in 1972 was exacerbated by capital flight, plummeting private investment, and withdrawal of bank deposits in response to Allende's socialist program. [101] Although the amount of available information is still very small, a first effort has been made to estimate the number of fungal species endemic to Chile, and 1995 species have been tentatively identified as possible endemics of the country. [27], Chile's approach to foreign direct investment is codified in the country's Foreign Investment Law. [76] This ruling severely impacted fishers in the country making Chile lose a valuable trade in Northwest Chile. Growth slowed to 4.1% in the first quarter of 2013. All employees pay 7 percent of their monthly income to the fund. [19], Since its return to democracy in 1990, Chile has been an active participant in the international political arena. In the 2001 congressional elections, the conservative Independent Democratic Union (UDI) surpassed the Christian Democrats for the first time to become the largest party in the lower house. Students then attend secondary school until graduation at age 17. Chile is a country in South America that borders the South Pacific Sea. [160] Overall, Chile produces a third of the world's copper. [94], Chile controls Easter Island and Sala y Gómez Island, the easternmost islands of Polynesia, which it incorporated to its territory in 1888, and the Juan Fernández Islands, more than 600 km (370 mi) from the mainland. The last congressional elections were held on 17 November 2013, concurrently with the presidential election. The national flower is the copihue (Lapageria rosea, Chilean bellflower), which grows in the woods of southern Chile. [96], There are many species of small birds, but most of the larger common Latin American types are absent. Few freshwater fish are native, but North American trout have been successfully introduced into the Andean lakes. It entered into force in March 1981. It and the Lauca River are shared with Bolivia, as well as the Lluta River. By clicking on Add country you can show and compare the data for any country in the world you are interested in. The cold temperatures and winds of the extreme south preclude heavy forestation. [117] In 2002 a census took place, directly asking the public whether they considered themselves as part of any of the eight Chilean ethnic groups, regardless of whether or not they maintained their culture, traditions and language, and 4.6 percent of the population (692,192 people) fitted that description of indigenous peoples in Chile. Edn 10. Chile is an agricultural paradise whose bounty of fruits and vegetables supplies the world’s marketplaces and whose wine graces tables on every continent. The folklore of Chile, cultural and demographic characteristics of the country, is the result of mixture of Spanish and Amerindian elements that occurred during the colonial period. Corruption in Chile In December 2005 the mayor of Quillota , Luis Mella (Christian Democrat), alleged the government's Job-Making Program (PGE) paid political allies for work that was not performed. After Pinochet's defeat in the 1988 plebiscite, the constitution was amended to ease provisions for future amendments to the Constitution. [133] Chile currently has 1.5 million of Latin American immigrants, mainly from Venezuela, Peru, Haiti, Colombia, Bolivia and Argentina; 8% of the total population in 2019, without counting descendants. [19][23], The Spanish conquistadors heard about this name from the Incas, and the few survivors of Diego de Almagro's first Spanish expedition south from Peru in 1535–36 called themselves the "men of Chilli". [173] Internal Government of Chile figures show that even when factoring out inflation and the recent high price of copper, bilateral trade between the U.S. and Chile has grown over 60 percent since then. In British English the preferred spelling is "chilli." The relatively small Central Valley, which includes Santiago, dominates the country in terms of population and agricultural resources. Buses are now the main means of long-distance transportation in Chile, following the decline of its railway network. They commonly extend from the Andes to the Pacific Ocean, flowing in an East to West. [171], The privatized national pension system (AFP) has encouraged domestic investment and contributed to an estimated total domestic savings rate of approximately 21 percent of GDP. [19], During the 19th century, Chile's commercial ties were primarily with Britain, a nation that had a major influence on the formation of the Chilean navy. [164] The percentage of Chileans with per capita household incomes below the poverty line—defined as twice the cost of satisfying a person's minimal nutritional needs—fell from 45.1 percent in 1987 to 11.5 percent in 2009, according to government surveys. (Antofagasta), Carriel Sur International Airport (Concepción), El Tepual International Airport (Puerto Montt), Presidente Carlos Ibáñez del Campo International Airport (Punta Arenas), La Araucanía International Airport (Temuco), Mataveri International Airport (Easter Island), the most remote airport in the world, as defined by distance to another airport, and the Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (Santiago) with a traffic of 12,105,524 passengers in 2011. Frei refused to form an alliance with Alessandri to oppose Allende, on the grounds that the Christian Democrats were a workers' party and could not make common cause with the right wing. [27] Exports to Asia increased from US$15.2 billion in 2005 to US$19.7 billion in 2006, a 29.9 percent increase. The Chilean government has diplomatic relations with most countries. The decisions were accomplished on 27 January 1839 by the International Court of Justice[74] This became the War of the Pacific which was in the years 1879–1883. Film production originated in Valparaíso on 26 May 1902 with the premiere of the documentary Exercise General Fire Brigade, the first film completely filmed and processed in the country. It is geographically positioned both in the Western and Southern hemispheres. Neighboring countries include Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru. The attempt was also made to The United States but failed badly in October 1880. The law at all levels fully protects this right against abuse by either governmental or private actors. On 26 May 1973, Chile's Supreme Court, which was opposed to Allende's government, unanimously denounced the Allende disruption of the legality of the nation. The Route of Parks covers 1,740 miles and was designed by Tompkin Conservation (founders Douglas Tompkins and wife Kristine).[179]. In 1952, voters returned Ibáñez del Campo to office for another six years. Only if the leading coalition ticket out-polls the second place coalition by a margin of more than 2-to-1 does the winning coalition gain both seats, which tends to lock the legislature in a roughly 50–50 split. [130] Also, roughly 500,000 of Chile's population is of full or partial Palestinian origin,[131][132] and 800,000 Arab descents. The economy remained sluggish until 2003, when it began to show clear signs of recovery, achieving 4.0% GDP growth. On 12 February 1818, Chile was proclaimed an independent republic. Australia and Chile are members of the WTO, APEC, IMF, World Bank, International Maritime Organisation (IMO), OECD, Cairns Group, United Nations (UN), … Chile slowly started to expand its influence and to establish its borders. [40] In addition, US financial pressure restricted international economic credit to Chile. [198]. A military junta, led by General Augusto Pinochet, took control of the country. In November 2005 the government launched a campaign under the brand "Chile: All Ways Surprising" intended to promote the country internationally for both business and tourism. info)), is a country in western South America. For other uses, see, Including the Chilean Antarctic Territory, its surface reaches 1 382 554,8 km, Including the Chilean Antarctic Territory, its surface reaches 2 006 360 km, Often translated literally as, "By Reason or (by) Force. It was re-elected as a member of the UN Human Rights Council in 2011 for a three-year term. The two countries maintain consular relations and are represented at the Consul General level. At the same time, attempts were made to strengthen sovereignty in southern Chile intensifying penetration into Araucanía and colonizing Llanquihue with German immigrants in 1848. On 12 February 1818, Chile was proclaimed an independent republic. Some major agriculture products of Chile include grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, maize, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool, fish, timber and hemp. The average rainfall there is less than 0.05 mm (0.0020 in) per year. Chile has a telecommunication system which covers much of the country, including Chilean insular and Antarctic bases. Late Paleozoic, 251 million years ago, Chile belonged to the continental block called Gondwana. Most of the traditions of the culture of Chile have a festive purpose, but some, such as dances and ceremonies, have religious components. On 12 February 1818, Chile was proclaimed an independent republic. [61] Initial damage estimates were in the range of US$15–30 billion, around 10 to 15 percent of Chile's real gross domestic product. Allende's program included advancement of workers' interests,[36][37] replacing the judicial system with "socialist legality",[38] nationalization of banks and forcing others to bankruptcy,[38] and strengthening "popular militias" known as MIR. Many enterprises within the copper, coal, iron, nitrate, and steel industries were expropriated, nationalized, or subjected to state intervention. From fresh, sweet cubanelles to the scorchingly hot Scotch bonnet, chile peppers come in all shapes, sizes, flavors, and levels of heat. Then later in 2014, the International Court of Justice's ruling resulted in Chile losing 80 miles from Northwestern ocean zone. Chile borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chile is a World Bank high-income economy with high living standards. Chile recently launched a massive scenic route for tourism in hopes of encouraging development based on conservation. The raw minced llama, heavy use of shellfish and rice bread were taken from native Quechua Andean cuisine, (although now beef brought to Chile by Europeans is also used in place of the llama meat), lemon and onions were brought by the Spanish colonists, and the use of mayonnaise and yogurt was introduced by German immigrants, as was beer. The Congress is located in the port city of Valparaíso, about 140 kilometres (87 miles) west of the capital, Santiago. At the Summer Olympic Games Chile boasts a total of two gold medals (tennis), seven silver medals (athletics, equestrian, boxing, shooting and tennis) and four bronze medals (tennis, boxing and football). Excluding its Pacific islands and Antarctic claim, Chile lies between latitudes 17° and 56°S, and longitudes 66° and 75°W. The northern Atacama Desert contains great mineral wealth, primarily copper and nitrates. ", "Latin American Herald Tribune – Isabel Allende Named to Council of Cervantes Institute", http://164.100.47.193/Ebooks/Writereaddate/52_2017.pdf, "The strongest National League in the World 2011", World Bank Summary Trade Statistics Chile, Countries and dependencies of South America, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Secretariat for Multidimensional Security, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, Initiative for Infrastructure Integration of South America, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chile&oldid=993018429, States and territories established in 1818, Spanish-speaking countries and territories, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2013, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Mapudungun-language text, Articles containing Quechua-language text, Articles containing Rapa Nui-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2012, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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