republic government definition

Learn. The primary positions of power within a republic are attained through democracy or a mix of democracy with oligarchy and/or autocracy, rather than being unalterably occupied. These writers, such as Machiavelli, also wrote important prescriptive works describing how such governments should function. Respectfully Quoted: A Dictionary of Quotations. In some countries, like Bosnia and Herzegovina, San Marino, and Switzerland, the head of state is not a single person but a committee (council) of several persons holding that office. Definition of parliamentary republic in the Definitions.net dictionary. To explore this concept, consider the following constitutional republic definition. Italy was the most densely populated area of Europe, and also one with the weakest central government. John Adams had notably written a book on republics throughout history. The leaders of a republic are responsible to the people who elected them. republic. In general being a republic also implies sovereignty as for the state to be ruled by the people it cannot be controlled by a foreign power. The Sith—a malevolent order of dark side Force users, founded by rogue Jedi during the Hundred-Year Darkness—were able to establish their rule over the galaxy for a period of time. In a republic the sovereignty is in each individual person. Noun. n. 28, and n. 202, note. The United Kingdom attempted to follow the model it had for its earlier settler colonies of creating independent Commonwealth realms still linked under the same monarchy. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a federal entity composed of six republics (Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia). This left the great majority of the population without political power, and riots and revolts by the lower classes were common. While the structure and governance of these states was different from that of any modern republic, there is debate about the extent to which classical, medieval, and modern republics form a historical continuum. [62] There is also evidence that contemporaries of Madison considered the meaning of "republic" to reflect the broader definition found elsewhere, as is the case with a quotation of Benjamin Franklin taken from the notes of James McHenry where the question is put forth, "a Republic or a Monarchy?".[63]. "Republic" is the proper description of our government, not "democracy." a country whose leader is a president, not a king or queen: This tiny republic depends on the export of tobacco. republic synonyms, republic pronunciation, republic translation, English dictionary definition of republic. But I had never put the terms together. Originally used to refer to the presiding officer of a committee or governing body in Great Britain the usage was also applied to political leaders, including the leaders of some of the Thirteen Colonies (originally Virginia in 1608); in full, the "President of the Council". One such example was the Christianisation of Iceland in 1000, where the Althing decreed, in order to prevent an invasion, that all Icelanders must be baptized, and forbade celebration of pagan rituals. Prior to the 17th century, the term was used to designate any state, with the exception of tyrannical regimes. In United States v. Cruikshank (1875), the court ruled that the "equal rights of citizens" were inherent to the idea of a republic. The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth had an elective monarchy, with a wide suffrage of some 500,000 nobles. While hereditary monarchies remain in place, political power is derived from the people as in a republic. Democracy definition is - government by the people; especially : rule of the majority. A form of government in which officials are elected by citizens to lead them as directed by their country’s constitution. The term confused me. Some nations, such as Indonesia and Azerbaijan, began as secular. [60] These ideas were embraced by a number of different writers, including Quentin Skinner, Philip Pettit[61] and Cass Sunstein. After the fall of the ancient Sith, a number of star systems united to form the democratic union known as the Galactic Republic. 5. While still under the dominion of the Holy Roman Emperor most power was held locally and many adopted republican forms of government. None of these states are typically referred to as republics. In 1918, Austria became a republic. At the end... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It contains a chapter on how to deal with the sanghas, which includes injunctions on manipulating the noble leaders, yet it does not mention how to influence the mass of the citizens, indicating that the "Gaṇa sanghas" are more of an aristocratic rule, or oligarchic republic, than "democracy".[34]. A republic is a form of government in which the people elect, or choose, their leaders. Spain briefly became the First Spanish Republic in 1873–74, but the monarchy was soon restored. The Supreme Court, in Luther v. Borden (1849), declared that the definition of republic was a "political question" in which it would not intervene. The towns and villages of alpine Switzerland had, courtesy of geography, also been largely excluded from central control. What exactly the writers of the constitution felt this should mean is uncertain. In that country the president is officially elected by an electoral college, chosen by the States, all of which do so by direct election of the electors. A republic (Latin: res publica, meaning "public affair") is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. • Thomas Corwin, Senate Speech Against the Mexican War-Congressional Globe 1847.

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