environmental sustainability challenges and solutions
Thus it can be said that in relation to adverse impact, emissions due to fossil fuel combustion (1870-2014), Increase of sea levels due to global warming (, ). 20,745 already enrolled! The results of different areas are illustrated, and the minimum cost is suggested, which enables the policy-makers to not only allocate optimal resources but also helps in ensuring a green and clean environment. In February 2014, IBM announced a 10-year, $100 million initiative to bring IBM Watson—our cognitive computing technology—and other systems to Africa. Hence, these strains could be halotolerant KSB bioinoculants that can be used to protect plants against salt stress. The promising ZSB strain Bacillus sp. In another, ) application of microbial bio-sorbents is used as a, ). 4. This study examines the trends and changes in ﬁsheries originating from aquaculture production in Thailand and pr ovides Cholesterol Oxidase: Source,Properties and Applications. Fossil fuel consumption for supply of ener, ). beneficial fungi in rhizoremediation Click for larger version. The contamination of heavy metals has been found in, ). Over the past few decades, the Korean government has established several policies to tackle challenges pertaining to solid waste management. Hence, the application of such potential products may enhance nutrient availability and Zn uptake in wheat under salt stress. This sandstone complex, commonly interpreted as impact tsunami deposits of K-T boundary age, was deposited during climate cooling, low sea level, and intensified currents, leading to erosion of nearshore areas (including Chicxulub impact spherules), transport, and redeposition via submarine channels into deeper waters. before the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary. While the Netherlands has one of the best-monitored water systems in the world and collects large amounts of data, relevant data can be difficult to find, and the data quality can be uncertain. The plant-growth-promoting (PGP) properties of these rhizobacteria were also evaluated. ESI’s priorities for research fall into three domain areas: Climate Science and Earth Systems, Cities and Infrastructure, and Sustainable Production and Consumption. The solution combines weather prediction and analytics to accurately forecast the availability of wind power and solar energy. Vitamin availability has been proposed to drive selection for vitamin dependence, in a process that links an organism's metabolism to the environment, but this has never been demonstrated directly. Implementing this solution helps minimize water loss by: The Bangalore water authority is using analytics to monitor and manage its complex water distribution system. But despite several laws, policies and management plans, the forest is now showing clear signs of degradation. In the current study, a product was formulated by coating urea with bioaugmented zinc oxide (ZnO) to improve wheat productivity under a saline environment. The pigment‐producing cells are then coated with TiO2 nanoparticles via a tryptophan‐mediated supramolecular interface, and subsequent incorporation of the resulting biogenic material (cells@TiO2) as an anode in an I⁻/I3⁻‐based dye‐sensitized solar cell yields an excellent photovoltaic (PV) response. Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Cyanobacteria were the most abundant phyla, and Chelatococcus, Cyanobacteria, Sphingomonas, and Microvirga were a most abundant genus that contributed most in co-occurrence pattern, which suggests that these generalists are adapted to a variety of environments. A detailed catalog of functional genes and soil microorganisms does not yet exist for any soil. The study also suggested that growth promotion was significant up to a threshold level of biosurfactant and that further increasing the concentration did not further enhance the growth parameter values of the plant. Bangalore's massive population growth—from 5.4 million in 2000 to over 10 million and counting has put tremendous strain on the city's water supply and distribution systems. ... through policy interventions and technology solutions. Microbiol, https ://www.pbl.nl/en/publi catio ns/2010/Re, https ://doi.org/10.1787/97892 64251 724-en, (Oligochaeta) following application of three, (L.) DC. Likewise, the temporal relationship between bolide impact and the end-Cretaceous extinction implies a causal relationship, but the mechanics of the biotic losses remain unclear. 2014; 37(3):235-50 (ISSN: 1550-5111) Huffling K; Schenk E. In acute care practice sites, the intensive care unit (ICU) is one of the most resource-intense environments. The enzyme was stable at pH 7.0 and 40 °C temperature. Built in partnership with cities, these new Smarter Cities Management Centers for transportation, water and emergency management bring together IBM's portfolio of leading Intelligent Operations software, IBM Global Business Services expertise, and IBM's broad analytics capabilities. Anthropogenic activities coupled with rapid pace of climate change are the key drivers of soil salinity resulting in degradation of agricultural lands. Many solutions to sustainability challenges involve technology, and often the goal of technological answers is finding artificial substitutions for natural capital (what Ayres  called “weak sustainability”). Each domain draws upon engineers, natural and social scientists, designers, and arts & humanities to understand and address critical challenges. A widespread and complex distribution of vitamin requirements exists over the entire tree of life, with many species having evolved vitamin dependence, both within and between different lineages. Eur J Plant Pathol, https ://www.un.org/sg/en/conte nt/sg/press -encou, http://www.unccd .int/Lists /SiteD ocume ntLib, availability in agricultural soils? Prospective students keen on pursuing postgraduate research relating to sustainability may want to enrol in NTU’s Asian School of the Environment.This interdisciplinary school is a world leader in environmental research focused on Asian environmental challenges. Salinity highly depresses the growth and, ). Potential of secondary metabolites synthesized by halotolerant plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (HT-PGPR) in the management of salinity stress in crops is gaining importance. solutions to environmental challenges across the world. Also Read: Solid Waste Management. We apply our expertise, research and technology to develop solutions that help our company, our clients and the world operate in ways that are more efficient and protective of the environment. Cities around the world face common transport challenges — from increasing congestion, safety concerns and aging infrastructure, to a lack of funding and increasing environmental impacts. coincidence with the mass extinction. The aim of this study is to explore the major causes of degradation of Sundarbans mangrove forest in Bangladesh and to propose a management approach for its sustenance. The isolate showed the ability to produce indole acetic acid, siderophore, phosphate solubilization activity and was an efficient producer of biosurfactant. Solutions to Environmental Issues. Water is one of the world's most abundant natural resources but it is also fast becoming one of the most stressed. Purification (of the biosurfactant) by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and further characterization by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed that biosurfactant produced by the isolate belonged to the glycolipid category, which is largely produced by Pseudomonas sp. These alterations could be due to changes that occurred in the plant nutrient requirement and varied root exudation patterns at a specific phenological stage. Eco-restoration of degraded land with the application of endemic plant species Thus, the extent of farmers’ vulnerability to environmental change could be attributed to the availability of infrastructural facilities which is more in some areas than the other. IBM is leveraging these technologies and applying our expertise to understand these competing needs and develop innovative solutions to help build and live on a smarter, more sustainable planet. concerns regarding the environmental sustainability of prevailing practices. The Chicxulub impact occurred during this warm event (about 100-150 k.y. The planet's urban population is expected to almost double by 2050—to 6.4 billion people—and account for 70 percent of the world's population. It likely exacerbated climate warming and may have intensified Deccan eruptions. Anthropogenic activities coupled with rapid pace of climate change are the key drivers of soil salinity resulting in degradation of agricultural lands. Following are some of the most common solutions to the environmental issue: Replace disposal items with reusable items. By improving traffic management, responding rapidly to incidents, using effective communication channels with citizens, and ensuring sustainable natural resources, data and analytics are providing new insight to create more effective cities. Thirteen KSB strains, positive for all tested PGP traits, were evaluated for potassium solubilisation under sodium stress, namely, 0%, 3%, 5% and 7% NaCl stress. The review also highlights the mechanisms involved in the production of secondary metabolites by HT-PGPR in saline conditions. Renewed climate warming during the last ∼50 k.y. The optimization algorithm then proposes minimum resources which are enough to ensure hygiene standard of the area based on the waste amount and frequency inside the grid. This work lays strong foundations for the development of bio‐PV materials and next‐generation organic optoelectronics that are green, inexpensive, and easy to manufacture. Click for larger version. Special Paper of the Geological Society of America. Under saline conditions, sodium is the most crucial cation that competes with potassium (K) and adversely affects plant metabolism by inhibiting plant enzymatic activities. IBM's Hybrid Renewable Energy Forecasting (HyREF) solution is an advanced power and weather modeling technology to help utilities increase the integration into and reliability of renewable energy resources on the electric grid. IBM helps create a sustainable food supply. Moreover, understanding the physiological processes and evolutionary dynamics that influence metabolic demand for these important micronutrients has significant implications in terms of nutrient acquisition and, in microbial organisms, can affect community composition and metabolic exchange between coexisting species. It is estimated that governments spend more than $700 billion a year to subsidize environmentally unsound practices in agriculture, water, energy, and transportation. In order to evaluate the environmental effects of the injection of CO gas, we investigated the post-impact atmospheric chemistry by incorporating our experimental results into a tropospheric photochemical model. the Conference, notably urban sustainability, food and nutrition security and access to modern energy services for all. It is giving researchers the ability to analyze and draw insight from vast amounts of data to develop solutions for Africa's most pressing challenges ranging from energy and water to transportation, agriculture and healthcare. The study adopted a survey design and the method utilized for the study was a questionnaire administered to 400 farmers in the study area. IBM is actively working to help change that through two new initiatives. In doing so, essential understanding on the reference soil would serve to help upcoming soil survey initiatives, lessening bias and raising objectivity. Thus, the paper aims to suggest the number of resources which lead to a minimum cost and also ensure a certain level of hygiene in the area. Lloyd Treinish, distinguished engineer & chief scientist, Solutions for Environmental Sustainability, Detecting large changes in water flow through real-time monitoring, Enabling engineers to assess real-time water supply at the click of a mouse, Bringing a degree of predictability and real-time controllability of water supply across the city and population. Rhizoremediation is a low cost, rapid and eﬃ, ). The reworked spherule layers at the base of the sandstone complex in NE Mexico and Texas were deposited in the upper half of CF1, ∼50-80 k.y. Biotrickling ﬁlter is a common example of a bioﬁl, ). It is essential to investigate to which extent and how specifically soil-plant-microbe interactions can be conditioned by different agricultural practices. Global carbon emissions are increasing due to, emission due to fossil fuel combustion hav, ). Sustainability is a moderate but growing concern for the pharmaceutical industry. This is just the start of our journey to advance progress against our environmental sustainability goals. Utilizing the HT- PGPR and their secondary metabolites for the development of novel bioinoculants for the management of saline agro-ecosystems can be an important strategy in the future. Response surface methodology (RSM) was attempted to develop a statistical model with a significant coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.89847), followed by model optimization using Genetic Algorithm (GA). The five best strains (Acinetobacter pittii strain L1/4, A. pittii strain L3/3, Rhizobium pusense strain L3/4, Cupriavidus oxalaticus strain L4/12 and Ochrobactrum ciceri strain L5/1) based on the K-solubilising potential were identified by amplification, sequencing and bioinformatic analysis of the 16S rDNA sequences. PGPM also facilitate drought stress tolerance through, ). The most important challenges of the sustainability are ecological, ... sustainable initiatives, strategies and solutions with long-term benefits are not put in place. Because the forecasts will be available on mobile devices, farmers will have 24-hour access to critical weather information in conjunction with other relevant field data. itself will be in trouble. As such, IGES has conducted this preliminary analysis to understand the environmental and sustainability challenges associated with the crisis, and their potential solutions… The maximum potassium solubilisation was measured at 30 °C and pH 7 with glucose as carbon source. The Partnership is also leveraging IBM SoftLayer® to manage data flows and automate irrigation recommendations, allowing farmers to determine how much water a specific crop needs at various stages of its life cycle. Smarter energy use is critical for a sustainable energy future. Sustainability is a comprehensive approach to management of organizations which is focused on creating and maximizing long-term economic, social and environmental value. Application of weeds and grasses for the rejuvenation of disturbed terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems In November 2013, IBM opened its 12th global research lab. The crisis began in C29r (upper CF2 to lower CF1) with rapid global warming of 4°C in the oceans and 8°C on land, commonly attributed to Deccan phase 2 eruptions. Soil salinization has emerged as one of the prime environmental constraints endangering soil quality and agricultural productivity. This article evaluates the ICU on four areas of environmental sustainability: energy, waste, toxic chemicals, and healing environment and provides concrete actions ICU nurses can take to decrease environmental health risks in the ICU. The apparent Michaelis constant (Km) and Vmax values of COD were 0.043 mM and 2.21 μmol/min/mg, respectively. 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