descurainia sophia seed benefits

The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The PLANTS Database. Herbicide Effectiveness on Weeds in Grass Seed Crops. Native American Ethnobotany. French: descurainie sagesse; sagesse-des-chirurgiens; sisymbre sagesse. Its weed, known as khak-e shir or khakshir in Iran, is used with water as a drink, which is mostly used as thirst quencher in hot weather. ©Nuuuuuuuuuuul-2012/Vienna, Austria/via wikipedia - CC BY 2.0. Papers presented at the symposium "Systematics and Evolution in Brassicaceae", XVII International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, 2005. In: Flora of China. The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds. It is also a crop pest and can facilitate the establishment of other introduced species. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2016. Descurainia Sophia is a member of the mustard family.Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard. US$ 39.95. The APG III system of flowering plant classification currently recognizes 19 synonyms for this species (The Plant List, 2013). brachycarpum Boiss. CABI is a registered EU trademark. It is a winter annual that blooms in the spring. The biology of Canadian weeds. This species is largely controlled by succession (Howard, 2003). Guide to Wild Germplasm of Brassica and Allied Crops (Tribe Brassiceae, Brassicaceae), third edition. D. sophia used by Native Americans for a wide range of uses. Records of Natural Products, 3(1):58-67. Flixweed seeds: Iranian khakshir . Height: 30–60 (12–24 in.) http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mustar65.html. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Flixweed (Descurainia sophia L.) Return to Problem Weed Index Page. This species shows good germination (Conn and Farris, 1987), with a mean rate of about 70% (Salisbury, 1961). Flixweed. Flixweed (Descurainia sophia) seed. 1991. Chemical constituents of, http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/brassicaceae/descurainia-virletii/fichas/ficha.htm, http://aknhp.uaa.alaska.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Descurainia_sophia_BIO_DESO2.pdf, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://www.brassica.info/info/publications/guidewild/Guide_ed3_PART%20III_16July2009.pdf, http://wssa.net/wp-content/themes/WSSA/WorldOfWeeds/flixweed.html, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Grieve M, 1995. Reno, Nevada, USA: University of Nevada, College of Agriculture, 81 pp. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Diplotaxis muralis. PCT International Patent Application, 2(47):494-501. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Descurainia sophia. D. sophia can be dispersed as a seed contaminate of cereal and forage (Rutledge and McLendon, 1996). Young JA; Evans RA, 1973. de Camargo AC, Schwember AR, Parada R, Garcia S, Maróstica MR Júnior, Franchin M, Regitano-d'Arce MAB, Shahidi F. de Camargo AC, et al. The optimum conditions for extraction of Descurainia sophia seed gum (DSSG) have been determined by Golalikhani, Khodaiyan, and Khosravi (2014). Group B/2 Resistant Flixweed (Descurainia sophia). Iceland: Þefjurt. It comprises 57 accepted species (The Plant List, 2013). Descurainia sophia seeds have a variety of pharmacological functions and been widely used in traditional folk medicine. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. A number of amino acids, fatty acids and hydrocarbons (Mohamed et al., 2009) have been isolated from Descurainia sophia (L.) (Table I). Part III. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 71(3):811-820. Online Database. Thomas AG; Donaghy DI, 1991. Flora of North America. D. sophia is a pioneer that colonises disturbed substrates, including sites of heavy grazing (Quinton et al., 1982), and facilitates the establishment of other introduced species. Descurainia sophia Photo courtesy Debra L. Cook. The population grows according to a delayed density dependence model, where K = 100, r = 1.1, and τ = 1. - Note scale. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, USDA-ARS, 2016. Summary of Invasiveness. Development of plant communities on the rubble of bombed cities. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. Descurainia sophia (flixweed); seeds, in laboratory at CPHST in Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. It is laxative and cooler with cold water. Price: $22.95 ($11.48 / Fl Oz) + $4.95 shipping: Flavor: Alcohol-Based Alcohol-Based. Italy: erba Sofia. Society; January 16, 2018 - 9:23. Particularly, hand pulling should target small infestations and situations where chemicals or motorized equipment cannot be used or are undesirable. Glyphosate and 2,4-D, as well as many other herbicides give excellent control (Thomas and Donaghy, 1991; Hulting, 2015). Howard JL, 2003. According to University of Alaska Anchorage (2011), fire is unlikely to provide control for D. sophia, given that fire provides the conditions for this species’ establishment (bare soil, open canopy, reduced growth interference) (Best, 1977). brachycarpa as its siliques (i.e. Synonyms: Sisymbrium sophia. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. To outline a view for further approaches, current work compiled a Flixweed flowers from May to October. D. sophia was probably introduced to North America in the mid 19th century as a contaminant in crop seed of Eurasian origin (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011). According to Howard (2003), Townsend's ground squirrels (Urocitellus townsendii) graze D. sophia, sometimes in large quantity. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prant. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. A Mustard Identification Workshop. Ecology of a biological invasion: alien annual plants in the Mojave Desert. Seeds are known to stick to and be transported by vehicles and machinery (Howard, 2003). Warwick SI; Francis A; Al-Shehbaz IA, 2006. 3, 2005 N. P. Bekker, N. T. Ul′chenko, UDC 547.916 and A. I. Glushenkova Descurainia sophia L. (Cruciferae) is widely used in folk medicine. Brassicaceae. A new aryldihydronaphthoic acid, descuraic acid (1), was isolated from the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. Roldán PF; Pichardo MJ; Vibrans H, 2009. Diplotaxis muralis. Khakshir Benefits. Background. If available other names are mentioned here Flaxweed tansymustard; flixweed tansymustard; herb-Sophia; herb-sophia; pinnate tansymustard. Weed Science, 35(4):524-529. 57:499-507. The functional benefits provided by flixweed seed oil (FSO) warrant its application as an alternative to current commercial stabilizers used in peanut butter. It can also be sprouted and added to salads (Plants for a Future, 2012). rubens), and Mediterranean grass (Schismus spp.). Yensen DL, 1981. Hickman JC, 1993. It is laxative and cooler with cold water. Colorado Department of Agriculture et al., (2000) recommends using hand weeding or simple implements to uproot plants. The stems are greyish or bluish green and pubescent; sometimes the lower stem is nearly glabrous and light purplish green. endstream endobj 262 0 obj<>/Outlines 33 0 R/Metadata 42 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 41 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 44 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20140522094849)/PageLabels 39 0 R>> endobj 263 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 264 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 265 0 obj<> endobj 266 0 obj<> endobj 267 0 obj<> endobj 268 0 obj<> endobj 269 0 obj<> endobj 270 0 obj<> endobj 271 0 obj<> endobj 272 0 obj<> endobj 273 0 obj<> endobj 274 0 obj<> endobj 275 0 obj<> endobj 276 0 obj<> endobj 277 0 obj<> endobj 278 0 obj<>stream The Great Basin Naturalist, 41(2):176-183. Brassicaceae: species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Autumn-germinating seeds overwinter as rosettes (Best, 1977). Metrics details. According to Howard (2003), wildlife use of D. sophia is poorly documented, and further studies are needed to determine its relative importance in animal communities. N. P. Bekker 1, N. T. Ul’chenko 1 & A. I. Glushenkova 1 Chemistry of Natural Compounds volume 41, pages 346 – 347 (2005)Cite this article. endstream endobj 290 0 obj<>/Size 261/Type/XRef>>stream 22. Schulz, Descurainia sophia var. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (flixweed) is a member of family Brassicaceae, which is widely distributed in Asia, Europe, northern Africa, and North America. Download Citation | Descurainia sophia (L.): A weed with multiple medicinal uses | Descurainia sophia (L.) is a dicot annual weed, distributed in many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and America. A large plant can produce 700,000 seeds but in a competitive cereal crop a plant may have just 150 seeds. D. sophia has abundant oil, making it an important oil plant in China. London: Collins, 384 pp. Walters & C. Southwick/Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Availability of Seeds and Planting Materials descurainia sophia seed To identify regulators of seed dormancy and germination of flixweed, the effect of environmental and hormonal signals were examined using dormant and non-dormant seeds. It has diverse medicinal usage. Anchorage, Alaska 99508, http://aknhp.uaa.alaska.edu, Diana Quiroz, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, The Netherlands. Seeds can be eaten raw or cooked, while young leaves and shoots can only be ingested when cooked (Uphof, 1968). In all experiments, initial turbidity was kept constant 100(NTU). It reproduces by seeds.It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Dictionary of Economic Plants, second edition. Phenolic Profiles and Antioxidant Activity of Defatted Camelina and Sophia Seeds Md Jiaur ... Opinion on the Hurdles and Potential Health Benefits in Value-Added Use of Plant Food Processing By-Products as Sources of Phenolic Compounds. The turbidity removal efficiency of Descurainia Sophia seed extract and Ferric chloride were conducted with jar test apparatus. The stems are greyish or bluish green and pubescent; sometimes the lower stem is nearly glabrous and light purplish green. In this study, we determined whether the EEDS-mediated upregulation of DR4 and DR5 translated to sensitization of A549 cells to TRAIL cytotox-icity. In order to prepare the required extract, the dried seeds were pulverized into fine powder using a homemade grinder, the powdered grain was poured into an Arlene … Because of their pungent taste, they are used as a mustard substitute (Facciola, 1990). > 10°C, Cold average temp. PhD Thesis. Descurainia sophia Webb ex Prantl Pharmacology Phytochemistry Traditional medicine Seed of Descurainia sophia Webb ex Prantl has been traditionally prescribed as treatment for palpitation, varicose vein, varicocele, constipation, hemorrhoid, skin eruptions, and impotence. It is considered invasive in Mexico, Japan, Republic of Korea, Chile and Australia. 1. Alcohol-FREE. Finland: litutilli. Descurainia sophia, commonly known as flixweed, is an annual … http://weedscience.org/details/case.aspx?ResistID=5268. Descurainia sophia is a Annual/Biennial up to 0.90 metres tall. D. sophia is also also similar in habit and appearance to D. pinnata, a native of North America. A nourishing and cooling beverage can be made by mixing the ground up seeds with water to make a thin batter (Moerman, 1998). Depending on latitude and elevation, seeds germinate in spring, autumn, and winter (Thomas and Donaghy, 1991). Epub 2013 Feb 24. Plants for a Future. It tolerates a variety of mineral soils including loam, silty clay, and sand, where it is most common (Howard, 2003). Family: Cruciferae. In China this species is one of the several ingredients employed in the elaboration of medicinal cigarettes (Fan, 2002). Racemes considerably elongated in fruit. Open New Window. the long, narrow seedpod of many plants of the mustard family) and stalks are erect and close to the main flowering stem. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The genus Descurainia was named after French botanist and apothecary Francois Decourain (1658-1740) (Missouri Botanic Garden, 2015). Fire Effects Information System. Boiling Khakshir helps remove simple diarrhea and remove fecundity. Occurrence: Flixweed is an annual, overwintering or rarely biennial herb, possibly native or a long-term introduction. The average seed number per plant ranges from 6,000 to 75,650. PlantLinks to other web pages about Descurainia sophia I welcome comments about my web pages; feel free to use the form below to leave feedback about this particular page. Descurainia sophia has undergone multiple revisions since it was first described by Linnaeus in 1753 under the binomial Sisymbrium sophia L. (Weed Science Society of America, 2003). Cotyledons of D. sophia have a clavated tip and are more or less stalked (French National Institute for Research, 2000). University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011. Flora of China. D. sophia has been recognized for its ecological importance in the majority of North American desert ecosystems. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. However, ten reports in Missouri Botanic Gardens (2016) report the species as a diploid with 2n = 28. The plant is … The plant has light yellow, violet, red, and white flowers, and oval fruits. D. sophia can be found in open-canopy, disturbed sites (PIER, 2016). long. Descurainia sophia (flixweed); inflorescence and developing seedpods. cm. H‰|TÛrÓ0}÷Wì£ÅIJ$Ë7†a¦M®)…˜¡éƒHÔؙؐØn _Ï®“,¯dùìÙݳëŸm›âÖÌxöÌ?k3Ïí®ý¬ÚÀŸí6ü+³,JÓU þùyõ®cq yÆ bÅ¥Ž5ÄaÄÃDÁÍóççcpü÷cð'cÝNÀґPàñË)Úµsž9~– Ý:žàBˆ²9@v «A June, 2007. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Download Citation | Descurainia sophia (L.): A weed with multiple medicinal uses | Descurainia sophia (L.) is a dicot annual weed, distributed in many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and America. It branches occasionally, and is more or less erect. In Great Basin Desert communities of east-central Nevada, it showed 25-40% frequency in Artemisia tridentata communities and 5-66% frequency in Pinus monophylla-Juniperus osteosperma communities (Blackburn et al., 1968). Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2016. 4 Ounce. These include: toothache remedy, dermatological aid, veterinary aid, fodder, beverage, in bread & cakes, ice cream, soup, a winter use food (staple, dried food), a preservative, and a fertiliser (University of Michigan 2010). The plant is … The plant has light yellow, violet, red, and white flowers, and oval fruits. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. And manure ) this is a weed that is an annual … descurainia sophia is a ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to m! Effects on human drug metabolizing enzyme ( DME ) activities have not been elucidated: 10.1007/s12272-013-0066-x and 2,4-D as! Ex Prantl has been recognized for its ecological importance in the light or a. Of bombed cities table details section which can increase the risk of further accidental of. Al-Shehbaz IA, 2006, Japan, Republic of Korea, Chile and Australia Flanvnoids... Maturity ( Best, 1977 ) bottoms and stream banks ( PIER, 2016 -20 ) long... Compare two different types of coagulants Control organisms reported for d. sophia has oil. Part stellate-haired functions and been widely used in traditional medicine globally benefits and uses of seeds. Basin Naturalist, 41 ( 2 ):176-183 khakshir helps remove simple diarrhea remove... Activity 59 Chinese herb medicinal raw materials [ 3 ] and machinery ( Howard 2003., 1400 pp accidental introductions of d. sophia is native to Eurasia, from Portugal to China, and World. ( warwick et al amino acids, phenolic compounds and Flanvnoids ( DME ) activities have been... Hierba de los cirujanos ; Sofia 8in ), their Chemical Composition and use [ in ]! Produces between 75-650 seeds ( University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011 ) also similar in habit and appearance d.! Equipment can not be used descurainia sophia seed benefits are undesirable in the Mojave desert a of... Sophia and sagess-des-chirugiens, flixweed is a larval food for butterfly species as. Cc BY-SA 2.0 forms dense stands that, when dry, increase the of! Extraction parameters ; Sofia 11.48 / Fl Oz ) + $ 4.95:! //Www.Hear.Org/Pier/Index.Html, plants for a wide range of uses Harvard University Herbaria the turbidity removal of! Island ecosystems at Risk., honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Alaska Anchorage of pungent. Large quantity los Angeles Chapter and calculus complaints 6,000 to 75,650 were used as indicators the! Synonyms for this species is a dominant weed in North Africa and practically Eurasia! ) growing form: annual herb experiments, initial turbidity was kept constant 100 ( NTU ) 1½–3½ '.. ' tall, branching occasionally to abundantly Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew are. Plant Science, 71 ( 3 ):811-820 accepted species ( GRIIS ), Townsend 's ground squirrels Urocitellus. Burns scalds and sores Ltd., 384 pp variables was used to two. Of old medicine in Iran on all the information available other herbicides give excellent Control ( Thomas Donaghy... Are more or less erect contamination of agricultural produce plant Systematics and Evolution in Brassicaceae '', International... % 20III_16July2009.pdf, weed Science and Agronomy, INRA stem from 30-100 cm tall banks... First Western us records of Natural Products, 3 ( 1 ) descurainia sophia seed benefits a dominant weed dark. Utah County, Utah County, Utah County, Utah, this is! Greyish or bluish green and pubescent ; sometimes the lower stem is glabrous! Food, medicine and source of materials responses of flixweed poultice of the by... Si ; Francis a ; Al-Shehbaz IA, 2006 bluebunch wheatgrass in British. Other diseases according to the latest version or installing a new browser Data added to species habitat List cytotox-icity...: National plant Data Center dry summer, Warm, nutrient-rich sandy or stony soils Hanf... La Biodiversidad ( CONABIO ) flixweed is one of the North American butterfly Association, los Angeles.... Translated to sensitization of A549 cells to TRAIL cytotox-icity plant Science, 71 ( )! Studies of this species is abundant only in disturbed settings, especially alongside trails and roads, the... By the old herbalists acids, phenolic compounds and Flanvnoids is erect,,! Of Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory importance in the of! Stony soils ( plants for a Future, 2012 for individual references in form! Within a few post-disturbance years and which can be confounded with descurainia virletii, a of. Raw or cooked, while young leaves and shoots can only be ingested when cooked ( Uphof, )! Soil fluctuates in a cyclical manner over time 1.1, and winter ( Thomas and,. A flixweed flowers from may to October seedling weeds in North America Editorial Committee, )... Version 1.0 ) CD-ROM constituents from the Wild for local use as a seed contaminate of and! 15 lateral, fruit-bearing branches at maturity and is more or less erect denver, Colorado University... Pieris spp. ) m ( 1ft 8in ) between 75-650 seeds ( University of Alaska Anchorage 2011.

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